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|What do we need to make iron?|
|Making iron is the first step in the production of steel. Iron is usually made from iron ore, coal and limestone - although some plants around the world have developed alternative methods of iron manufacture.These newer methods require slightly different raw materials but iron ore, coal and limestone remain the starting point for most steel manufacture in the UK.|
The original centres of the steel industry in the UK were on inland coalfield sites. They used iron ore, limestone and coal mined locally. As the demand for high quality steels increased, local ore and coal became less suitable, so these raw materials were increasingly imported from overseas. This led to a shift of the industry away from many of its original sites. The map shows the current sites of iron and steelmaking in the UK.