Making useful things

Oil is one of the most important raw materials we have. It has been used for thousands of years. Nowadays, we used lots of things made from oil.

Jet taking off
Aeroplane jet engines burn kerosene to make them run. A Boeing 747 burns about 5 tonnes of fuel to take off and over 100 tonnes to fly across the Atlantic.

An oil refinery changes oil into useful products. These include:

  • fuels for transport - like petrol
  • grease that is turned into candle wax
  • bitumen for road surfaces
  • useful chemicals

These chemicals can be made into lots of different things like:

  • plastic
  • man-made fibres (like nylon and polyester)
  • washing powders
  • farming chemicals.

Watch movie
Using fertiliser
Pesticides are made from oil.